The carrot is the modern form of its ancestor species ‘D. carota’ or wild carrot. Wild carrot originates from Iran and Afghanistan. Cross breeding was performed on wild carrot to reduce its bitter taste, woody core and to increase its sweetness. Initially carrots were grown only for their leaves and seeds since both were in use due to their aromatic nature. The carrots were introduced to Europe in eighth century by ‘Ibn al-Awwam’ who was an Arab Andalusian agriculturist. Those were red and yellow in color. The carrots we eat nowadays which are orange in color were intended by the antiquary John Aubrey in sixteenth century.
Carrot is a very tasty vegetable. The root of the carrot can be consumed in various ways. People consume it raw in the form of a salad. People also prefer to eat carrots in its chopped and pulped form. Carrots are also boiled, fried, steamed and cooked in soups, stews, baby foods and pet foods. Carrots are also used to increase the taste in dishes like cakes, jams, puddings etc. Carrot juice is also becoming famous as a health drink since it is proven medically that it is very useful to cure several disorders caused due to lack of vitamin A and other vitamins.
Benefits & Features
Carrots hold a lot of nutritional value. It comprises of carbohydrates, sugars, fats, dietary fibers, vitamin A, beta carotene, riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin C, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium. Carrot plantation is really useful as its demand in the market is very high as a popular food item. Carrot is also a good companion plant. When planted with tomatoes it increases the tomato production. If you leave it to flower, it will attract many predatory wasps which kill harmful garden pests. Hence, carrot plantation is very much advised.